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A A Record (Address Record) | Ads | Anonymous FTP | Applet | ASP (Active Server Pages)
B Backbone | Bandwidth | Banner Ads | Bit | bps | Browser | Byte
C Catch-all Email Account | CGI | Cloaking | CNAME Record | Cold Fusion | Control Panel
D dir dir/you | Domain name | Domain Name System (DNS)
E Editor | Email Forwarding | Email Web Based | Encryption
F Fantastico/a> | Favicon | FFA | File Hosting | Fire Wall | Forum | FQDN | FrontPage [Microsoft] | FrontPage Extensions | FTP
G Gigabyte (GB) | Guestbook
H Homepage | Host | Hosting | .htaccess | HTML | HTTP
I iHTML | Image Hosting | Interests | IP Address | ISML | ISP
J Java | JavaScript
K Kbps | Kilobyte (KB)
L Language
M Mbps | Megabyte (MB) | Message Board | Meta Tags | MP3 | MX record
N Name Server (Nameserver) | Newsgroups
O OCx (Optical Carrier levels) | OC-3
P Perl | PHP | POP3 | Python
R RealAudio / RealVideo | RealMedia
S SMTP | Spam | SQL | SSI (Server-Side Includes) | SSL | Subdomain
T T-1 | T-3 | Telnet | Terabyte | TLDs
U Upload | URL | URL Forwarding | USENET
V Video Hosting
W Web address | Web page | Web server | Web site | Webspace | Whois | WYSIWYG
Z Zone file
A Record (Address Record)
An entry in your DNS table (zone file) that maps each domain name (e.g. or subdomain (e.g. to an IP Address. In other words, the A record specifies the IP address to which the user would be sent for each domain name. For example, you can have point to one IP address, and point to a different IP address.

To make money from their free webspace offer most free hosts will put ad banners on your pages. Some are automatically put on your pages, others just require you to add their logo or link to your pages.

"Topbanner" means that they will put their adbanner automatically at the top of your page(s). "Footbanner" means that they will put it at the bottom of your page(s).

Some of the major free webspace providers have started to add pop-up ads to users homepages. "Popup" ads are very irritating. You should try to avoid pop-up ads on your page, since it will distract your visitors. It is also very likely that most of "your" visitors will only see the pop-up ad and click on it. In other words, they will miss your site.

Some providers will let you deside if you want a pop-up ad or an adbanner (for instance Geocities and Hypermart). If they allow you to choose this, it is indicated here as "Popup/Banner".

"Adframe" means that the free host will insert a frame at the top of your site and a banner will appear in this frame.

"Watermark" is a new form of logo ad displayed usually at the corner of the screen. Geocities was the first to use this form of ad. It's not visible in older browsers (version 3.x and older).

"Textlink" means that they will insert a text ad on your pages.

And finally "No ads" means that they claim that they will not put ads on users pages. Remember that most will end up doing so anyway later, since they have to earn money somehow...

Since each free host have their own definitions, you need to take a look at their Help pages or FAQ pages to find out the exact details of the type of ad they will put on your site.

Anonymous FTP
A method for allowing the public to download files using FTP (File Transfer Protocol) so that they don't have to identify themselves. Usually the username "anonymous" should be used, and either the password is provided by the FTP server, or anything may be used as the password.
A small Java program which is cross-platform compatible and can be embedded in the HTML of a webpage. Web browsers, which are usually equipped with Java virtual machines, can run the applets to perform interactive graphics, games, calculators, etc. "Applets" differ from "Java applications" in that they are more secure -- they can't access certain resources on the local computer, such as hard drives, modems, and printers; and they can only make an Internet connection to the computer from which the applet was sent.
ASP (Active Server Pages)
Abbreviation for "Active Server Pages". ASP is a server-side scripting language. ASP commands are embedded within HTML documents (with .asp extension) to provide dynamic content. ASP is often supported by webhosts using a NT server.
A "large" transmission line (or series of connections) that forms a major pathway within a network, and carries data gathered from smaller lines that interconnect with it. The term is relative -- a backbone in a small network can be much smaller than non-backbone lines in a larger network.
The amount of data passing through a connection over a given time. It is usually measured in bps (bits-per-second) or Mbps.
Short for "binary digit". A bit is a single digit number in base-2, or in other words, either a 0 or a 1.
Abbreviation for "bits per second". It is a measure of bandwidth. For example, a 28.8 modem can transfer 28,800 bits per second.
A client software program which allows the user to view and navigate through websites, and download or upload files. The most commonly used browsers are Microsoft Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator.
A set of bits (normally 8, but sometimes more) that represent data, such as a single text character.
Catch-all Email Account
An email account which allows any email of the form,, to be forwarded or placed into a single email address. For example,, and, will all be sent to the same email address. Often hosts allow you to also specify particular email addresses to be forwarded to different email addresses, in addition to the catch-all email which sends any other email address to one designated email address.
Abbreviation for "Common Gateway Interface". This is an interface standard which provides a method of executing a server-side program (script) from a website to generate a webpage with dynamic content. Scripts conforming to this standard may be written in any programming language that produces an executable file, but are most often written in Perl, Python, C, C++, or TCL.

CGI-BIN - You are allowed to use your own cgi-scripts. CGI = Common Gateway Interface.
Collection - You can use pre installed scripts by the free webspace provider (for instance a guestbook).
Counter - The only script you may use is a counter (text or graphical) script that they have installed.
MsgBoard - The only script you may use is a message board script that they have installed.

If you don't know what a CGI-BIN is, you most likely wont need it. CGI scripts are scripts to create more interactive web sites. Some free hosts will let you use pre installed scripts for your site. These pre installed scripts could be message boards, guestbooks, forms, counters etc.

Most free web hosts do not offer CGI-BIN for you to upload your own scripts due security reasons. If a free host do allow this, make sure your scripts don't take up too much system resources or they might remove your account. One example of a CGI script that free hosts don't allow for this reason is banner exchange scripts.

Its the URL that will appear instead of your real URL
CNAME Record
An entry in your DNS table (zone file) that aliases a FQDN to another FQDN (i.e. -> In other words, the CNAME record specifies another domain to which the user would be redirected.
Cold Fusion
A scripting language for interfacing databases and advanced web development. Cold Fusion supports databases such as Microsoft Access, FoxPro, dBASE, and Paradox.
Control Panel
Where you manage your site,ftp, databse and other features CPanel
A type of Control Panel ZPanel
A type of Control Panel DirectAdmin
A type of Control Panel
It is the directory path for your username or site name or where your files are dir/you
Its your account under a directory name
Domain name
The unique name which identifies an Internet website. Domain names have two or more parts, separated by periods (dots). is a domain name. Also see the definition for FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name). Addon Domains
These domains directs or points to any folder you specify in your webdirectory Parked Domains
These are the aliases for your main domain name like using,, for same
Domain Name System (DNS)
The way that nameservers translate Internet domain names to the corresponding IP addresses.
Editor: Most free website providers provide a program (editor) to edit the HTML code of webpages online. "Basic" means you edit the HTML code directly in the editor. "Advanced" means the editor will generate the the web page for you after you make some selections, so you never see the HTML code (good if you don't know HTML).

Some providers offer online html editors, so you can create your web pages online using your web browser.

Adv (advanced) editor means that you can see the html-code and will be able to change it online in your browser.
Basic means that the editor will generate a page for you through a form and you can't see the html. The basic editor is good for people who don't know html and want to create a site fast.

Normally it is possible to upload your own HTML and image files via both an advanced and a basic editor. CGI- scripts will most likely not work if you upload them via an online editor. You would need FTP upload.

Email Forwarding
Email Forwarding: An email service in which your email is automatically sent (forwarded) from one or more email address, to another (possibly several) specified email address. "Unlimited email forwarding" may refer to: (1) a catch-all email account; (2) the ability to specify any number of email aliases (each of which may have a different forwarding address); or (3) a combination of both.
Email Web Based
Its the emails that you access online with different email managers
Processing and altering data so only the intended recipient can read or use it. The recipient of the encrypted data must have the proper decryption key and program to decipher the data back to its original form.
These are the many tools/sites that are ready available to install in your control panel
It is an image that appears at the left side of URL in the URL bar of browser
Abbreviation for "Free For All". FFA refers to webpage scripts that automatically update a links listing when someone submits their URL to it (usually in hopes either someone will view the page and click on their link, or search engines will index the page with their URL). These are often submitted to by automated programs which submit to hundreds of FFAs at a time. Often the FFA service requires the submitter to give an email address, to which they send SPAM. FFA is often referred to as FFAL ("Free For All Links").
File Hosting
File hosting service for remote hosting of files - filetypes not usually supported by most free image hosts, yet not as wide-ranging as what most website hosting services would allow to be hosted. † The free file hosts in the directory list below allow free hosting of video files, audio/music files, Adobe Acrobat documents (PDF), and/or compressed archives such as ZIP files. † Generally these free web hosting services are operated on dedicated servers due to their popularity and high bandwidth usage required.
Fire Wall
A combination of software and hardware which, for security purposes, separates a LAN into two or more parts, or partially isolates a network from the Internet.
A script on a website with a submission form that allows visitors to post messages on your website for others to read. These messages are usually sorted within discussion categories, or topics, chosen by the host, or possibly the visitor. A forum is also called a "web board" or a "message board". Also see newsgroups and USENET.
FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name)
A complete domain name consisting of a host, the second-level domain, and the top-level domain. For example, is a FQDN. www is the host; webhosts4free is the second-level domain; and .com is the top level domain.
FrontPage [Microsoft]
A commercial, WYSIWYG, HTML editor for creating, editing, managing, and uploading websites. Some of the special features of the program (such as a graphical counter, forms, database, etc.) require that the website be uploaded to a server which supports Microsoft FrontPage extensions.
FrontPage Extensions
Also called FrontPage server extensions. These are a set of server-side scripts and programs which enable users of Microsoft FrontPage to use its special components (called Web Bots). The extensions can be installed for Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) and on other Windows (usually Windows NT) and UNIX web servers.
Abbreviation for "File Transfer Protocol". FTP is an Internet standard for transferring files over the Internet. FTP programs and utilities are used to upload and download webpages, graphics, and other files from your hard drive to a remote server which allows FTP access. Two commonly used free FTP programs are WS_FTP and CuteFTP. Also see Anonymous FTP
Gigabyte (GB)
1024 Megabytes (MB), which is 2^30 bytes, or 1,073,741,824 bytes. It is sometimes used to refer to 1000 Megabytes.
A "guest book" is a script on a webpage with a form which allows website visitors to "sign in" and leave comments or questions, which optionally may or may not be viewed by other visitors.
(1) The home page is the first webpage that is displayed after starting a web browser (such as Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator). (2) The home page also refers to the intended beginning page of a website on the Internet, usually given by default if the root domain is given without specifying the file name (for example, the URL will load the home page for, in this case a file named index.php).
A computer located on a network that provides file storage or services to other computers on the network.
Every webpage, email, file, or online service is stored ("hosted") on a computer (called a "server") that is connected to the Internet. Also called "webhosting".
This is the default name of a configuration file that contains "server directives" (commands known by the server) that tell the server how to behave. One common use for an .htaccess file is to restrict access (password-protection) to specific files or directories on the Internet or intranet, or to specify a particular webpage to be accessed when there the file requested by the browser is not found (error 404).
Abbreviation for "HyperText Markup Language". HTML is the coding language used to create Hypertext documents (webpages) for use on the Internet. HTML files are intended to be viewed using a browser such as Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator.
Abbreviation for "HyperText Transport Protocol". HTTP is the Internet protocol for transferring hypertext files. It requires the host to use an HTTP server program, and the viewer to use a HTTP client program (see definition for "browser").
Abbreviation for "inline html". iHTML is a server-side programming language for developing dynamic Internet content. For more info, see
Remote hosting of avatars and signatures for forums / message boards and MySpace, uploading auction pictures and photos for auction sites such as eBay and Yahoo, as well as web hosting for a photo gallery of your family etc.† Generally these free web hosting services are operated on dedicated servers due to their popularity and high bandwidth usage required.
Interests Hosting accounts meant only for particular field
Business Using hosting as business
Games For games uploading/downloading
Special For some special purposes
Non English Non-English Websites
Personal For personal use
Non Profit For non profit organisations
IP Address
Short for Internet Protocol Number. This is a unique number consisting of 4 numbers, each between 0 and 255, separated by periods (e.g. Every computer that is connected to the Internet has a unique IP number to identify it. The IP number is also called a "IP address" or "dotted quad".
Short for InterShop Markup Language. ISML is a set of scripting tags to generate dynamic web pages. ISML tags are extensions of any tag-based language that conforms to SGML standards. On servers which support this server-side scripting language, such as all NorthSky (CommunityArchitect) cohosts, you can use these tags to automatically include the contents of another file, the current date and time, or a visitor counter on a web page. For more info (and details of all tags and expressions) see this PDF file by Intershop.
Abbreviation for "Internet Service Provider". An ISP is an institution that provides access to the Internet.
A network-oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems. It was specifically designed for writing scripts, or programs, that can be safely downloaded to any type of computer through the Internet and immediately run without the fear of viruses or other damage to your computer. By making use of small Java programs (called "Applets"), webpages can include functions such as calculators, animations, and interactive games. In spite of the similarity in name to JavaScript, it is not closely related to JavaScript.
A programming language for use in webpages that allows the use of dynamic content. In spite of the similarity in name to Java, it is not closely related to Java.
Abbreviation for "Kilobits per second", which is 1000 bits per second. It is a measure of bandwidth.
Kilobyte (KB)
1024 bytes (1024 is 2^10), but sometimes used to refer to 1000 bytes.
The hosting supporting the sites with lanuguage, sometimes non english only
Abbreviation for "Millions of Bits Per Second", or "MegaBits Per Second". It is a measure of bandwidth.
Megabyte (MB)
1024 kilobytes (KB). 1024 is 2^20 bytes, which is 1,048,576 bytes. A megabyte usually refers to 1,000,000 bytes when used to describe disk storage capacity and transmission rates.
Message Board
A script on a website with a submission form that allows visitors to post messages on your website for others to read. These messages are usually sorted within discussion categories, or topics, chosen by the host, or possibly the visitor. A message board is also called a "web board" or a "forum".
Meta Tags
It describes the sites content
Short for Mpeg Layer 3. MP3 is an audio compression standard for encoding music. MP3 files have a file extension ".mp3".
MX record
An MX record is an entry in your DNS table (zone file) that controls where email is sent for the domain name.
Name Server (Nameserver)
A program or computer that translates names from one form into another. For example, a Domain Name Server (also called a "host server") performs the mapping of domain names to IP numbers. Also see Domain Name System (DNS).
The name for discussion groups (forums) on USENET. A newsgroup is a discussion about a particular subject consisting of messages submitted by many users. Newsgroups may be "moderated" by a designated person who decides which postings to allow or delete, but most newsgroups are unmoderated.
OCx (Optical Carrier levels) OC-3
Used to specify the speed of fiber optic networks. The base rate (OC-1) is 51.84 Mbps. OC-2 runs at twice the base rate, OC-3 at three times the base rate (155.52 Mbps), etc. Planned rates are: OC-1, OC-3, OC-12 (622.08 Mpbs), OC-24 (1.244 Gbps), and OC-48 (2.488 Gbps).
A network line which transmits 155.52 Mbps. This is the size of the largest Internet backbone providers networks. See OCx - Optical Carrier levels.
A server-side scripting language which is commonly used to write CGI programs. Perl programs, or "scripts", are text files which are parsed (run through and executed) by a program called an "interpreter" on the server.
A server-side scripting language. The PHP commands, which are embedded in the web page's HTML, are executed on the web server to generate dynamic HTML pages. See
Its is an email feature with which you get your emails at your desktop or at other accounts
An interpreted, object-oriented programming language. Python is copyrighted, but the source code is freely available and open for modification and reuse.
RealAudio / RealVideo
A client-server software system and file format(s) by Real Networks that allows Internet users to play audio and/or video-based multimedia content in real-time as they are being downloaded (called "streaming media"), instead of the user having to download the complete file before being able to play it. RealAudio and RealVideo formats are collectively called RealMedia.
RealAudio and RealVideo formats are collectively called RealMedia.
Abbreviation for Simple Mail Transport Protocol. SMTP is the main Internet protocol used to send email.
An inappropriate attempt to use email, USENET, or another networked communications facility as if it was a broadcast medium (which it isn't) by sending the same message to numerous people who didnít ask for it. Many email services have "spam filters" to help reduce the amount of spam emails.
An Open Source Software relational database management system which uses a subset of ANSI SQL (Structured Query Language). For more information, see Access [Microsoft]
Microsoft Access (usually abbreviated as MS Access) is an easy-to-use program for creating and maintaining databases. The Access database driver for online databases is often supported by webhosts using the NT hosting platform. PostgreSQL
To maintain database in a Graphical way on the web PhpMyAdmin
To maintain database in a Graphical way on the web
SSI (Server-Side Includes)
Abbreviation for "Server-Side Includes". A server-side scripting language. SSI scripting commands are embedded within a webpage and are parsed and executed on the web server to generate dynamic HTML pages. Common uses of SSI are to include files (e.g. a header or footer file) that are used on multiple pages, or to show the current date and time.
Abbreviation for "Secure Sockets Layer". SSL is a transaction security standard that provides data encryption, server authentication, and message integrity. SSL is usually used on sites that accept credit card numbers or other private information.
Sub-domains are domain names with the form, By definition, a subdomain should not have the prefix of "www". In order to access this domain with the "www" prefix (i.e., you would have to create a "sub-third-level domain" with the prefix "www.anything".
A leased-line connection to the Internet which can transfer data at 1.544 Mbps. A T-1 line could transfer a megabyte in less than 10 seconds if at maximum theoretical capacity. A T-1 line contains 24 individual channels, each of which can transfer data at 64 Kbps. Each of these 24 channels can transfer voice or data traffic. Many telephone companies will allow you to buy a portion of these individual channels, called "fractional T-1 access". T1 lines are also called DS1 lines.
A leased-line connection to the Internet which can transfer data at 44.736 Mbps. It is used mainly by ISPs (Internet Service Providers) connecting to the Internet backbone. A T-3 line contains 672 individual channels, each of which can transfer data at 64 Kbps. T3 lines are also called DS3 lines.
An Internet protocol for accessing a remote server on the Internet. When you log into the remote server using a Telnet program, you receive a command line prompt for the server that you can give commands to. Telnet is also known as "remote login".
1024 gigabytes (GB), but sometimes used to refer to 1000 gigabytes.
Top Level Domains like .com, .org, .net

FTP - Upload your files with a FTP client.
Browser - You can upload and create your site online with your web browser.
Email - Email your files to them and they will add your files to your directory.
FP - FrontPage server extensions installed for you to upload your files with FrontPage.

You can upload files to a free webspace provider's server with a FTP-client (for example WSFTP for Windows or Fetch for Mac) or you could upload files with your web browser. FTP = File Transfer Protocol. I prefer to upload with a FTP-client since you will be able to upload all your files intstantly. With most browser uploads you need to specify the name for each file you upload and can only upload 1-10 files at a time. This makes browser upload much slower than when you use a FTP-client.

Some providers can only receive your files if you email the files to them. It's very time consuming to upload files manually via email. This means that the provider will only let you update your homepage via email one or two times per month... A few services offer to accept your files via Mirabilis pager ICQ, but this solution has the same problems as email upload.

If you use Frontpage to create your website, some free web hosts have FrontPage server extensions installed which will make it easier for you to maintain your site.

Abbreviation for "Uniform Resource Locator" - The web address (location) of a website, file, or resource on the Internet. For example, is a URL.
URL Forwarding
URL is forwarded to your existing URL
A worldwide system of discussion groups, only part of which can be accessed through the Internet. USENET contains well over 10,000 discussion areas, or forums, called "newsgroups".
Video Hosting
Video hosting service for uploading and remote hosting video files in the form of free streaming video (not just video file downloads), whether the free videostreaming is restricted to be displayed on their web site only, or the free video streaming is allowed to be viewed directly on other web sites. †If you prefer to have a free host where your hosted file can be downloaded as a file (no need for streamingvideo), then see instead our list of free file hosting services (most of which allow uploading and downloading of videos, audios, music files, and many other filetypes). † In general, these free video file hosting services (such as one of the most popular free videohosts, YouTube) below are managed on a network of dedicated servers due to their popularity and the very high bandwidth usage required to host the large video files.
Web address
The location, or URL, of a website, file, or resource on the Internet. For example, is a web address.

This is the web address your site will get at the free webhost's server. /you means that you will get the webaddress (URL - Uniform Resource Locator)

dir means that they have different subdirectory names you can choose, for instance 'sport' or 'music'. This also means that your address will get long and harder for your visitors to remember.

Domain means you can only get a free website with them if you own a domain name. Some will register a domain name for you for free, but you still have to pay to own a domain name (currently with Network Solutions $35 per year).

Subdomain is an address like this one:

Web page
An HTML document which has its own web address, or URL. The first page usually requested at a web site is called the "home page". Using frames, multiple pages (HTML files) can be viewed in a browser and arranged in designated sections of the display screen at the same time -- these can also collectively be called a "web page". "Web page" is sometimes written as "webpage".
Web server
(1) A computer program that serves the requested files which form web pages to the client's browser. (2) A web server can also refer to the computer that runs the server software and holds the files for one or more websites.
Web site
A collection of interlinked web pages with a related topic, usually under a single domain name, which includes an intended starting file called a "home page". From the home page, you can get to all the other pages on the website. Also called a "web presence".
Data storage space accessed via the Internet, usually used to host websites and data files.

This is how much space you are allowed to use for your web site initially when you sign up.

1 MB = 1024 kb. If a provider claims to offer "unlimited" space, be careful. The server will be extremely slow if it isn't already! "Unlimited" space is specified in the search results as "999 MB". Most likely most of the unlimited hosts would not allow 999 MB...

For a normal personal homepage you would not need more than 5 MB. If you have many sound files and large images, you might need more space.

Some providers might be able to offer you more space than what you initially received, if your site is very popular and you really need the extra space.

An Internet utility program that obtains information (such as owner and contact info) about a Domain name or IP number from the database of a domain name registry. If the search result returns "No match", the domain name is probably available, and you can apply to register it. To search for a domain name across all registrars at once, you can use BetterWhois.
An acronym for "What You See Is What You Get". A WYSIWYG program is one that allows you to create and edit a web page, text, or graphical user interface so that you can see what the end result will look like while the document is being created. WYSIWYG web page editors conceal the markup language (HTML) so as to allow the user to think entirely in terms of how the page should appear. Microsoft FrontPage and Adobe PageMill are two common WYSIWYG editors.
Abbreviation for Extensible Markup Language. It a specification, similar to HTML, developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) for Web documents. XML contains markup symbols (tags) to describe the contents of a page or file, but unlike HTML, the markup symbols are unlimited and self-defining (i.e. designers can create their own customized tags and tag definitions). XML is a subset of SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language).
Zone file
A file on a nameserver that designates a domain name with all of its associated subdomains, IP addresses, and mail server. Parts of the zone file include the A record, CNAME, and MX records. A zone file is also called a "DNS table".
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